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新护士转型冲击对隐性缺勤的影响:职业认同的中介作用
作者:沙盘芳  周晓霞 
单位:张家港市第五人民医院 护理部, 江苏 张家港 215600
关键词:新护士 转型冲击 隐性缺勤 职业认同 
分类号:R192.6
出版年·卷·期(页码):2021·49·第四期(437-440)
摘要:

目的:探讨职业认同在新护士转型冲击与隐性缺勤间的中介作用。方法:便利抽样法选取3所二级医院新护士230名作为研究对象,采用一般资料调查表、新护士转型冲击量表(TSNGNS)、斯坦福隐性缺勤量表和护士职业认同量表进行调查。结果:TSNGNS、斯坦福隐性缺勤和护士职业认同量表总分分别为(92.78±18.67)(18.22±3.86)和(94.72±14.76)分;职业认同与新护士转型冲击及隐性缺勤呈显著负相关(P<0.05),新护士转型冲击与隐性缺勤呈显著正相关(P<0.05);职业认同在新护士转型冲击和隐性缺勤间存在部分中介效应,贡献率为43.6%。结论:新护士转型冲击、隐性缺勤和职业认同均处于中等水平,有待提高,新护士转型冲击能通过职业认同影响隐性缺勤。医院管理者应帮助新护士减缓转型冲击并重视对其职业认同感的培养,降低新护士隐性缺勤率和提高其工作满意度,最终促进护理团队稳定发展。

Objective: To explore the mediating role of professional identity in the new nurses' transition shockand hidden absenteeism.Methods: 230 new nurses were selected by convenience sampling method from 3 second-level hospitals as the research objects. The General Information Questionnaire, the Transition Shock of Newly Graduated Nurses Scale(TSNGNS), and the Stanford Hidden AbsenteeismScale and nurses' professional identity scale were used to investigate.Results: The total scores of TSNGNS, StanfordHidden Absenteeism, and professionalidentity scale were (92.78±18.67) (18.22±3.86) and (94.72±14.76) points, respectively; professionalidentity was significantly negatively correlated with transition shock and hidden absenteeism of newly graduated nurses(P<0.05), there was a significantly positive correlation between transition shock of newly graduated nurses and hidden absenteeism (P<0.05); professionalidentity had a partial mediating effect between the transition shock and hidden absenteeism of newly graduated nurses, with a contribution rate of 43.6%.Conclusion: The transition shock, hidden absenteeism and professional identity of newly graduatednurses are all at a medium level and need to be improved. Transition shock can affect hidden absenteeism through professionalidentity. Hospital managers should help newly graduated nurses reduce the impact of transition shock and pay attention to the cultivation of their professional identity, reduce the rate of hidden absenteeism of newly graduated nurses and improve their job satisfaction, and ultimately promote the stable development of the nursing team.

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