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江苏省社区卫生服务中心医务人员肺康复认知及其影响因素分析
作者:汤从智1  徐亮1  张爱娟1  赵祥虎1  高佳2  王红星1 
单位:1. 东南大学附属中大医院 康复医学科, 江苏 南京 210009;
2. 东南大学医院 康复科, 江苏 南京 210018
关键词:社区卫生服务中心 医务人员 肺康复认知 影响因素 
分类号:R 493
出版年·卷·期(页码):2024·52·第五期(749-753)
摘要:

目的:探索江苏省社区卫生服务中心康复科医务人员肺康复认知及其影响因素,为肺康复实施提供针对性策略。方法:采用分层随机抽样方法在江苏省内按照苏南、苏中、苏北地区随机调查社区卫生服务中心共315名康复科医务人员,分析医务人员肺康复认知得分,并运用多元线性回归分析了解肺康复认知的影响因素。结果:共收集有效问卷290份。男76人(25.52%),女214人(74.48%);学历专科83人(28.62%),本科及以上207人(71.38%);医生92人(31.72%),护士98人(33.80%),治疗师100人(34.48%);苏南109人(37.59%),苏中80人(27.58%),苏北101人(34.83%)。单因素分析结果显示,本科学历、工作年限10年以上、高级职称、苏南区域、有肺康复培训经历及从事过肺康复治疗的医务人员得分较高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);多元线性回归分析显示,不同区域、有无肺康复培训经历及是否从事过肺康复治疗对社区卫生服务中心康复科医务人员肺康复认知有影响(P<0.05)。结论:江苏省内社区医务人员肺康复认知得分存在区域差异,应根据不同区域分层次加强肺康复知识培训,积极实施肺康复,提高肺康复认知和社区肺康复服务水平。

Objective: To explore the pulmonary rehabilitation cognition and influencing factors among healthcare professionals in rehabilitation departments of community health service centers in Jiangsu Province, and to provide targeted strategies for the implementation of pulmonary rehabilitation. Methods: A total of 315 healthcare professionals from rehabilitation departments of community health service centers in Jiangsu Province were randomly surveyed using stratified random sampling method according to Su-Nan, Su-Zhong, and Su-Bei regions. The pulmonary rehabilitation cognition scores of healthcare professionals were analyzed, and multiple linear regression analysis was used to understand the influencing factors of pulmonary rehabilitation cognition.Results: A total of 290 valid questionnaires were collected. There were 76 males(25.52%) and 214 females(74.48%); 83(28.62%) with specialized education and 207(71.38%) with bachelor's degree or above; 92(31.72%) doctors, 98(33.80%) nurses, and 100(34.48%) therapists; 109(37.59%) from Su-Nan, 80(27.58%) from Su-Zhong, and 101(34.83%) from Su-Bei. The results of univariate analysis showed that healthcare professionals with bachelor's degree, working experience of more than 10 years, senior title, from Su-Nan region, with pulmonary rehabilitation training experience, and engaged in pulmonary rehabilitation treatment scored higher and the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05); Multiple linear regression analysis showed that different regions, participation in pulmonary rehabilitation-related training, and experience in pulmonary rehabilitation treatment had an impact on the pulmonary rehabilitation cognition of healthcare professionals in the rehabilitation departments of community health service centers(P<0.05). Conclusions: There are regional differences in pulmonary rehabilitation cognition scores among healthcare professionals in community health service centers in Jiangsu Province. Stratified strengthening of pulmonary rehabilitation knowledge training should be conducted according to different regions, actively implementing pulmonary rehabilitation, and improving the cognition of pulmonary rehabilitation and the level of community pulmonary rehabilitation services.

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