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多模式保温对经皮肾镜取石术患者术中低体温及麻醉恢复质量的影响
作者:吴晓丽  李向南  袁从虎 
单位:盐城市第三人民医院 麻醉科, 江苏 盐城 224001
关键词:多模式保温 经皮肾镜取石术 低体温 麻醉恢复质量 
分类号:R614
出版年·卷·期(页码):2020·39·第二期(198-200)
摘要:

目的: 探讨多模式保温措施对经皮肾镜取石术(PCNL)患者术中低体温和麻醉恢复质量的影响。方法: 选择择期行经皮肾镜取石术患者50例,随机分为对照组(C组)和多模式保温组(W组),每组25例。C组覆盖铺巾,术中静脉输液液体和灌洗液均为常温;W组采用充气式保温毯、输注液体和灌洗液加温等保温措施。C组记录患者麻醉前(T0)、手术开始30 min(T1)、手术开始60 min(T2)、手术结束30 min(T3)和60 min(T4)的鼻咽温;观察两组患者恢复自主呼吸时间、呼之睁眼时间、意识清醒时间、拔管时间和Steward评分,记录在麻醉后监测治疗室(PACU)期间寒战的发生情况。结果: 与T0比较,二组患者鼻咽温度均降低(P<0.01),与C组比较,W组T1~T4的鼻咽温度明显高于C组(P<0.05),W组患者恢复自主呼吸时间、呼之睁眼时间、拔管时间、意识完全清醒时间较C组缩短,Steward评分高于C组(P<0.05),W组寒战发生率低于C组(P<0.05)。结论: 在经皮肾镜取石术手术中,采取多模式保温措施可减少围术期低体温的发生,从而提高麻醉恢复质量,有利患者术后康复。

参考文献:

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