网站首页期刊介绍通知公告编 委 会投稿须知电子期刊广告合作联系我们
最新消息:
婴幼儿喂养指数与喂养人知信行为关系研究
作者:李永红1  马一倩2 
单位:1. 西宁市第二人民医院 门诊部, 青海 西宁 810003;
2. 青海卫生职业学院 护理系, 青海 西宁 810003
关键词:婴幼儿 喂养指数 知信行为 相关性 影响因素 
分类号:R723.13
出版年·卷·期(页码):2020·39·第一期(35-39)
摘要:

目的: 探讨婴幼儿喂养指数(ICFI)与喂养人知信行为关系。方法: 选取2018年2月-2019年2月本院儿保科门诊412例6~24月龄婴幼儿及其喂养人进行研究,将婴幼儿分为6~8月龄组(n=122)、9~11月龄组(n=138)与12~24月龄组(n=152),比较不同月龄组ICFI合格率情况,ICFI合格组与不合格组婴幼儿喂养人知信行为(知识、态度、行为)得分情况及相关性,及对ICFI影响因素进行分析。方法: 12~24月龄组ICFI分数明显高于6~8月龄组、9~11月龄组(P < 0.05);12~24月龄组ICFI不合格率为41.45%,明显低于6~8月龄组(P < 0.05);ICFI合格组知识得分、态度得分、行为得分均高于不合格组(P < 0.05);婴幼儿ICFI与知识得分、态度得分、行为得分均呈正相关(P < 0.05);喂养人高中及以上文化程度、汉族、知识得分高、态度得分高、行为得分高是ICFI合格的保护因素,家庭居住人口数多是ICFI合格的危险因素。方法: 本地区12~24月龄婴幼儿ICFI高,ICFI不合格率低,ICFI与喂养人知识得分、态度得分、行为得分相关,喂养人知识、态度和行为对婴幼儿ICFI有明显影响。

Objective: To explore the relationships between infant and child feeding index (ICFI) and feeder's knowledge, belief and behavior. Methods: 412 6-24 month-old infants and children and their feeders from February 2018 to February 2019 were selected and divided into 6-8 month-old group (n=122), 9-11 month-old group (n=138) and 12-24 month-old group (n=152). The ICFI qualified rates of different age groups were compared, the scores and correlations of knowledge, attitude and behavior of infants and children feeders in ICFI eligible group and unqualified group were analyzed, and the influencing factors of ICFI were analyzed. Results: The ICFI score of 12-24 month-old group was significantly higher than that of 6-8 month-old group and 9-11 month-old group (P<0.05). The disqualification rate of ICFI in 12-24 month-old group was 41.45%, which was significantly lower than that in 6-8 month-old group (P<0.05). The scores of knowledge, attitude and behavior in ICFI qualified group were higher than those in unqualified group (P<0.05). ICFI was positively correlated with knowledge score, attitude score and behavior score (P<0.05). Educational level of high school and above education level, Han nationality, high knowledge score, high attitude score and high behavior score are protective factors for ICFI eligibility, the number of family residents were risk factors for ICFI eligibility. Conclusion: ICFI of 12-24 month-old infants and children in this area is high, and the rate of ICFI disqualification is low. ICFI is related to the knowledge score, attitude score and behavior score of the feeder. The knowledge, attitude and behavior of the feeder have significant impacts on ICFI of infants and children.

参考文献:

[1] O'SULLIVAN A,FARVER M,SMILOWITZ J T.The influence of early infant-feeding practices on the intestinal microbiome and body composition in infants[J].Nutr Metab Insights,2015,8(1):1-9.
[2] DE B M,VRIJKOTTE T G,FALL C H,et al.Associations of infant feeding and timing of linear growth and relative weight gain during early life with childhood body composition.[J].Int J Obes,2015,39(4):586-592.
[3] PENGFEI Q,BAIBING M,DUOLAO W,et al.Association between the Infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI) and nutritional status of 6-to 35-month-old children in rural western China[J].PLOS ONE,2017,12(2):e0171984-e0171998.
[4] KANG N M,CHOI Y J,HYUN T,et al.Associations of breastfeeding knowledge,attitude and interest with breastfeeding duration:a cross-sectional web-based study[J].J Korean Acad Nurs,2015,45(3):449-458.
[5] 闫玲,曾果,孙要武,等.6~24月龄中国婴幼儿喂养指数评价方法的建立[J].卫生研究,2012,41(2):209-211.
[6] 邵建超.重庆市某自治县婴幼儿喂养人知信行调查[J].中国妇幼保健,2013,28(29):4833-4835.
[7] LOCKS L M,PANDEY P R,OSEI A K,et al.Using formative research to design a context-specific behaviour change strategy to improve infant and young child feeding practices and nutrition in Nepal[J].Matern Child Nutr,2015,11(4):882-896.
[8] 丁心悦,于冬梅,赵丽云.婴幼儿喂养指数及与生长发育关系研究进展[J].中国公共卫生,2018,34(4):613-615.
[9] 曹民治,耿春梅,阿茹娜,等.婴儿喂养方式与产妇体质及产后月经复潮相关性研究[J].中国现代医学杂志,2016,26(24):119-123.
[10] 陈振桂,周宸丞,杜金林,等.婴幼儿辅食营养包中脂肪氧化的影响因素及防范措施研究[J].食品科技,2017,42(6):54-58.
[11] 杨宇威,王箴,刘序华,等.深圳南山区孕妇婴儿喂养意向及其影响因素[J].中国公共卫生,2015,31(1):94-96.
[12] LOU Z,ZENG G,ORME J G,et al.Breastfeeding knowledge,attitudes,and intention in a sample of undergraduate students in mainland China[J].J Hum Lact,2014,30(3):331-339.
[13] 罗莉,赵德峰,曹琳,等.武汉地区6~24月龄婴幼儿喂养指数及影响因素研究[J].中国儿童保健杂志,2017,25(10):1055-1057.
[14] 张敏利,姚晚侠,何宏灵.陕南某县农村6~24月龄婴幼儿生长发育的调查研究[J].中国妇幼健康研究,2017,28(9):1049-1052.
[15] 张军,李友炳,刘欢欢,等.郑州地区农村婴儿喂养方式现状及母亲喂养知信行调查[J].职业与健康,2016,32(13):1797-1799.
[16] NISAR M U,HAQ M M A U,TARIQ S,et al.Feeding patterns and predictors of malnutrition in infants from poor socioeconomic areas in Pakistan:a cross-sectional survey[J].Cureus,2016,8(1):e452-e464.
[17] ABATE K H,BELACHEW T.Women's autonomy and men's involvement in child care and feeding as predictors of infant and young child anthropometric indices in coffee farming households of Jimma Zone,South West of Ethiopia[J].Plos One,2017,12(3):e0172885-e0172901.

服务与反馈:
文章下载】【发表评论】【查看评论】【加入收藏
提示:您还未登录,请登录!点此登录
您是第 347456 位访问者


 ©《现代医学》编辑部
联系电话:025-83272481;83272479
电子邮件: xdyx@pub.seu.edu.cn

苏ICP备09058541