Objective: To explore the characteristics of symptoms, causes and short-term outcome in catatonia patients, and to analyze the relevant factors. Methods:Hospitalized patients who met the Fifth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders(DSM-5)criteria for the diagnosis of catatonia were included. Symptom and severity assessments were performed using the Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS). Telephone follow-up was performed in the 12th month after discharge. Results:32 patients were included in the study, 13 (46.3%) patients were diagnosed as schizophrenia, 6(18.75%) patients of schizophrenic psychosis, 6(18.75%) patients of depression, 3(8.38%) patients of bipolar disorder. 2 patients had organic dyslexia, 1(3.13%) patient had malignant syndrome and 1(3.13%) patient had mental retardation. The most common symptoms of catatonia were immobility/stupor(27 patients, 84.4%), staring(29 patients, 90.6%) and posturing/catalepsy(27 patients, 84.4%). 18(56.25%) patients were treated with ECT. 12 months follow-up results suggested that 2 patients with organic disease still had some symptoms, 1 patient who had diagnosed with schizophrenic psychosis was diagnosed with bipolar disorder, 1 patient was hospitalized again. Conclusion:The most common diagnosis in patients with catatonia are schizophrenia and schizophrenic psychosis, the prognosis of various types of diagnosis is quite different.
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