网站首页期刊介绍通知公告编 委 会投稿须知电子期刊广告合作联系我们
最新消息:
紫外线联合艾条熏蒸对血透室空气消毒效果的影响
作者:宋慧锋1  李佛兰2  郭德久1  洪钦国1  陈刚毅1 
单位:1. 广州中医药大学第一附属医院 肾病科, 广东 广州 510405;
2. 暨南大学附属第一医院 血液净化中心, 广东 广州 510405
关键词:紫外线 艾条 血透室 消毒 
分类号:R187
出版年·卷·期(页码):2018·46·第十期(1108-1111)
摘要:

目的:探讨紫外线联合艾条熏蒸对血透室空气消毒效果的影响。方法:选取广州中医药大学第一附属医院血透室作为试验环境(该环境采集的空气标本和透析患者作为试验组),采用常规紫外线消毒加艾条熏蒸消毒;选取与试验组环境类似的临近医院血透室作为对照环境(该环境采集的空气标本和透析患者作为对照组),采用常规紫外线消毒。每月采样3次,于月初、月中、月末9:00时及16:00时按>30 m2五点法采样,分析每个时间段的细菌数量。每组选取160例透析病人作为观察对象,记录两组观察对象感染的发生情况。结果:9:00时试验组细菌菌落总数显著低于对照组,而16:00时两组菌落总数均显著上升,但试验组菌落总数仍显著低于对照组(P<0.05)。试验组患者发生感染3例,显著低于对照组的12例(P<0.05),试验组发生呼吸系统感染患者明显少于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:紫外线联合艾条熏蒸可显著改善血透室空气消毒效果,降低透析患者感染发生率,适用于血透室的空气消毒。

Objective:To investigate the effect of ultraviolet light combined with moxa fumigation on air disinfection in hemodialysis room. Methods:The hospital hemodialysis room was selected as the environment for the test, and the air samples and the dialysis patients collected in this environment were used as experimental group. Conventional ultraviolet disinfection and moxa fumigation were used. The adjacent hospital hemodialysis room similar to the hospital's hemodialysis internal environment was selected as the control environment, and the air samples and dialysis patients collected in this environment were served as control group. The room was routinely disinfected with ultraviolet light. Samples were taken 3 times a month,i.e., at the beginning, in the middle and at the end of the month. The sampling time was at 9:00 and 16:00 and the samples were taken with >30 m2 5-point sampling method.The number of bacteria in each time period was analyzed. One hundred and sixty dialysis patients in each group were selected as observation subjects, and the occurrence of infection in the two groups was recorded. Results:At 9:00, the total number of bacterial colonies in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group, while the total number of colonies in both groups increased significantly at 16:00, and the total number of colonies in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). Three cases of dialysis patients in the experimental group were infected, which was significantly lower than 12 cases in the control group. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The incidence of respiratory infection in the experimental group was significant lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion:Ultraviolet light combined with moxa fumigation can significantly improve the air disinfection effect in the hemodialysis room, reduce the incidence of infection in dialysis patients, and is suitable for air disinfection in the hemodialysis room.

参考文献:

[1] 徐秀红,谭晓梅,林青,等.两种苍-艾酊喷雾剂的空气喷雾消毒效果比较[J].按摩与康复医学,2017,8(3):48-49.
[2] SIEGEL J A.Primary and secondary consequences of indoor air cleaners[J].Indoor Air,2015,26(1):88-96.
[3] 娄秀芳,李宏杰,黄荣,等.基层医院普通病房3种空气净化方式的环境细菌学监测分析[J].中国卫生检验杂志,2015,25(23):4117-4119.
[4] 杨兰菊,贾秀华,康爱民,等.导管室介入连台手术空气消毒方法的探讨[J].中国实用医药,2015,10(33):287-288.
[5] 温绣蔺,李小妹,辛霞,等.动态空气消毒机病室空气消毒效果及其影响因素研究[J].护理学杂志,2015,30(20):77-79.
[6] 陈叶俊.KDSJ-Y80型空气消毒机对洁牙室空气动态消毒的效果观察[J].中华现代护理杂志,2015,21(19):2341-2342.
[7] 皮大鸿.艾烟的研究现状与发展[J].中西医结合护理,2017,3(5):178-180.
[8] 周安,徐倩,唐伟杰,等.艾条挥发油和燃烧烟雾化学成分的GC-MS比较分析[J].安徽中医药大学学报,2016,35(4):80-82.
[9] 国家药典委员会.中华人民共和国药典(一部)(M).北京:化学工业出版社,2015:89.
[10] 张元,康利平,郭兰萍,等.艾叶的本草考证和应用研究进展[J].上海针灸杂志,2017,36(3):245-255.
[11] 郭艳玲,刘亚茹.中药苍术、艾叶烟熏用于室内空气消毒的效果观察与分析[J].中国疗养医学,2010,19(3):259-260.
[12] 惠鑫,黄畅,王昊韩,等.艾烟在艾灸中的作用机制及安全性[J].世界中医药,2017,312(9):2246-2248.
[13] THORNE R G,PRONK G J,PADMANABHAN V,et al.Delivery of insulin-like growth factor-1 to the rat brain and spinal cord along olfactory and trigeminal pathways following intranasal administration[J].Neuroscience,2004,127(2):481-496.
[14] 杨梅.艾叶燃烧产物有效成分药效研究[D].武汉:中南民族大学,2009.
[15] 叶白如,黄蔷薇,徐武敏,等.清艾条熏蒸联合紫外线照射对血透室空气消毒的效果观察[J].中国中西医结合肾病杂志,2017,18(1):68-69.

服务与反馈:
文章下载】【发表评论】【查看评论】【加入收藏
提示:您还未登录,请登录!点此登录
您是第 235950 位访问者


 ©《现代医学》编辑部
联系电话:025-83272479;83272481
电子邮件: xdyx@pub.seu.edu.cn

苏ICP备09058541